Silver Mine in the Tarn Mountains
The whole world learned about the sights in the Tarnovsky Mountains some time ago. The UNESCO committee in Krakow recognized the Silesian silver mine as one of the most important monuments of the globe and included it in its prestigious World Heritage List. This unique underground facility is a labyrinth of ancient water corridors, adits, mines and other objects of the mining “landscape” with a length of about 35 kilometers. It is also a masterpiece of underground hydraulic engineering with the only system in the world for the use of mine waters for food purposes.
Chalky dungeons in Chelm
Europe’s only chalk chalk mine is located under the Old Town of Helma. The length of these underground corridors is not known for certain: only professional mountain rescuers can reach some of them.
Some sources indicate that the chalky labyrinths that are gigantic in area extend even to the village of Stolpe, located 15 kilometers from here. The oldest of them are mentioned in the XIII century.
In the chalk walls, princely jewels and treasures of the Helm bourgeoisie are also hidden, and in the dungeons under the old town hall there was not only a treasury, but also a dungeon in which prisoners died from starvation. Prisoners of war also languished there. From the oldest inhabitants of Helm, one can hear many stories and legends passed down from generation to generation related to the white mine (source: www.podziemiakredowe.pl).
Legend has it that the Helm treasures guard the spirit of Belyukh. During archaeological excavations, researchers found ancient weapons, tiles, coins and iron tools in the dungeons. On the tourist route there is a well-preserved section of the mine with unique forms of karst Cretaceous rocks and a bas-relief depicting an eagle.
Historic Coal Mine GUIDO
How was the work in the mine at the beginning of the 20th century? What role did horses play in mining history? The historical GUIDO coal mine in Zabrze has been preserved exactly in the form in which the miners left it more than two hundred years ago. Each of the three sites accessible to visitors carries a different load, the expositions tell about the cult of St. Barbara, the realities of miner’s everyday life and the functioning of large machines. To get into these halls, a tourist must overcome narrow and steep mining routes. Those who succeeded claim it was worth it!
In addition to mining dungeons and an underground museum, GUIDO is of great interest to the electric suspension railway, the only narrow-gauge mine railway available to tourists.
Salt Mine: Wieliczka, Bochnia, Klodawa
Wieliczka is a world-class monument, the oldest Polish company with a 700-year history. An underground city carved in salt rocks with flickering sculptures, chapels and corridors is visited by more than a million tourists from all over the world every year. Goethe, Chopin, Mateiko, Prus and Senkevich have been here, however, it is known that the first tourists went down to the salt depths as far back as the 15th century. Do you know that the “age” of salt from Wieliczka is about 14 million years?
Underground city on the island of Wolin
And now something for fans of military history. The Vineta battery, or a secret facility that has been kept secret for decades, a system of bunkers, barracks, military equipment stores, and many kilometers of underground roads, appeared in оwinoujcie shortly before the outbreak of World War II.
The structures hidden under hundreds of tons of reinforced concrete were to guard the base of the German naval forces Kriegsmarine. After the war, the base was captured by Soviet troops, and later it came under the control of the Polish military. And it was from here that the Polish generals were to command the landing of units of the People’s Army in Scandinavia. From оwinoujcie it is worth dropping into Szczecin to see the underground tracks organized in the former German anti-aircraft dugouts.
Dungeons of the Main Market in Krakow
Probably everyone knows what was laid in the middle square of Krakow already in the middle of the 13th century. But does everyone imagine what the center of the city looked like when Nikolai Copernicus was walking on it? Medieval Krakow expects those who decide to go down to the dungeon in the area of Sukiennice – former cloth stores.
This is a historical and cultural reserve with relics of structures, objects and architectural details preserved in many places, these are stone roads with ruts, hollowed out cart wheels carrying goods during the time of King Vladislav Loket; it is the oldest stone trading building in Krakow; jewelry, coins and various items lost or intentionally left by visitors to this place in ancient times.
Underground Krakow can be seen walking along the glazed ramps and bridges suspended above the preserved medieval tracts, the oldest of which date from the 11th century. A similar attraction can be found in Rzeszow: under the main square – it is also called the Market – 40 ancient cellars await tourists, the oldest of which have their pedigree since the 14th century.
Zloty-Stok Gold Mine
Ancient maps and plans of the mine, historical tools, mining lamps and minerals, furnaces for the smelting of gold and carts on which the precious ore was transported. All this can be seen on the gold mine. Complete with sights – an unusual story.
How did Polish gold participate in the discovery of America? It turns out that the Fugger family (the main shareholders of the mine) supported Queen Isabella of Spain with her gold, who, thanks to their help, was able to finance the expedition of Christopher Columbus in 1492. And this is not all sensations! In the side corridors that once served as warehouses for explosive materials, there was the laboratory of Scherfenberg – a man who managed to get the strongest poison from arsenic ore. Legend has it that Napoleon himself was poisoned by arsenic from this gold mine.