Polish architecture is an amazing combination of styles and trends – from Gothic castles and Baroque palaces to ultra-modern postmodern buildings. Each of the complexes and garden and park ensembles is a reflection of the difficult and long path that this country has traveled in its thousand-year history.
Features of the architecture of Poland
The beauty of Polish cities, their architectural identity is precisely the factor due to which this country enjoys such popularity among tourists. Most of the buildings belong to the medieval period and the New Age, the main styles are Baroque, Gothic and Renaissance.
Almost all cities are built on the same principle – in the center there is the main square with the town hall, closer to the outskirts there are castles or what is left of them, for example, defensive walls, towers or gates. The historical center itself is often divided into several parts: Stare Miasto and Nove Miasto – it is in these areas that the most attractive buildings and architecturally valuable architectural complexes are located.
It should be noted that the religious component left the biggest imprint on the style of building of Polish cities, so there are so many Catholic churches, Orthodox churches, cathedrals, Jewish synagogues. The greatest concentration of architectural masterpieces falls on the capital region, as well as on Krakow and Silesia. However, in each city there are sure to be two or three old buildings and at least one that can be called super-avant-garde.
The current trends in Polish architecture are: minimalism, originality and symbolism. New, hi-tech or eclectic buildings along with old buildings fit perfectly into the landscape despite the fact that there is clearly a destruction of style unity. However, this does not frighten the Poles, who tremblingly preserve the historical past and are able to sincerely enjoy the high technologies and innovations used today in urban planning.
Masterpieces of Polish architecture
These are primarily palaces and temples, among which:
Branicki Palace (Bialystok) – the residence of the crown hetman, built at the beginning of the XVIII century. in the Baroque style, is considered the “Podlaski Versailles”.
Belvedere Palace (Warsaw). It was built in 1824 according to the design of Jacob Kubitsky. Today the mansion is one of the residences of the President of Poland.
Wawel (Krakow). The architectural complex, located on the left bank of the Vistula, was built in the late XIII – early XIV centuries. Wawel Chair in the twentieth century. headed by Karol Wojtyla (Pope John Paul II).
Wilanowski Palace (Warsaw). Built in 1698, it is considered a masterpiece of the Baroque style and rightfully bears the title of national pride of the country.
Cathedral of St. John the Baptist (Wroclaw). It was built in 1158, burned and destroyed several times, including during the Second World War, and was restored in 1951.
Cathedral of the Holy Apostles Peter and Paul (Poznan, Tumsky Island). It was built in the second half of the tenth century, elevated to the status of a cathedral in 968, and is operational.
Cathedral of St. Nicholas (Bielsko-Biala). Originally built in 1447, it was reconstructed twice – in 1630 and 1910. The status of the cathedral was assigned in 1992.
Kvidzyn Cathedral and castle (Kvidzyn). It was founded by the crusaders during the Middle Ages, for a long time it was an episcopal residence. On the territory there is also the Cathedral of St. John the Evangelist and the crypt with the relics of St. Dorothea